Prevalences and Management of Diabetes and Pre-diabetes among Korean Teenagers
and Young Adults: Results from the Korea National Health and Nutrition
Examination Survey 2005-2014.
Authors Cho EH, Shin D, Cho KH, Hur J
Submitted By Junguk Hur on 11/21/2017
Status Published
Journal Journal of Korean medical science
Year 2017
Date Published 12/1/2017
Volume : Pages 32 : 1984 - 1990
PubMed Reference 29115080
Abstract The rapid increases in childhood obesity and physical inactivity are linked to
the incidence of diabetes among young individuals. However, few studies have
evaluated the prevalence of diabetes among this population. Therefore, we used
Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) data to
evaluate the prevalence and management of diabetes and pre-diabetes among young
Koreans. We evaluated KNHANES data (2005-2014) from 10-29-year-old individuals.
Individuals were considered eligible if they had completed the health
examination and the health interview survey, and we excluded individuals with
missing data regarding fasting glucose or glycated haemoglobin levels. Among the
100,101 potentially eligible individuals who participated in KNHANES
(2005-2014), we included 83,577 (37,677 male and 45,900 female) individuals. The
overall prevalences of diabetes and pre-diabetes among 10-19-year-old
individuals were 0.2% and 11.9%, respectively. Among 20-29-year-old individuals,
the prevalences of diabetes and pre-diabetes were 0.9% and 9.6%, respectively.
The overall rates of diabetes awareness during the study period were 36.6% for
10-19-year-old individuals and 50.8% for 20-29-year-old individuals. However,
the prevalence of diabetes and pre-diabetes had noticeably increased at the
2013-2014 KNHANES: 0.6% and 25.9% among 10-19-year-old individuals, and 0.8% and
19.2% among 20-29-year-old individuals. The prevalence of diabetes and
pre-diabetes is rapidly increasing among Korean teenagers and young adults.
Pre-emptive interventions to diagnose and treat diabetes and pre-diabetes are
needed to improve glycaemic control among this population.

Complications